Gülpinar

Gulpinar is a pleasant village near Tuzlu Köyü. It has an impressive mosque and is the location of the famous ancient site of Apollo Smintheous.

The Mosque at Gulpinar

The nearby village of Tuzla might look like the sort of place you would pass by quickly and seemingly of little interest but dig a bit deeper and you will find that there are a couple of old buildings here ( the mosque and part of a school building ) built by Ottoman Sultan Murat some 700 years ago.

As you drive through Tuzla you will notice that the village has some hot water springs and salt which have yet to be exploited for commercial purposes.

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Assos ( Behramkale )

Assos or Behramkale is locatedin the Ayvacik district of Canakkale province. It is both an historical site steeped in ancient history and a tourist attraction by the sea. It is situated on the southern side of the Biga Peninsula, known as Troad,

The official name of the town is Behramkale but it is generally referred to locally as Assos. There are really two parts to Assos. The archaeological site on the hill and the beautiful fishing village with its own harbour on the coast.

The ancient harbour is a beautiful little enclave with fishing boats and small restaurants and gift shops. There are a couple of very good hotels here and a beach for those that wish to go swimming.

From the top of the hill at the ancient Temple of Athena you get a panoramic view of this impressive coastline and an idea as to how magnificent this site must have been in its hey day. The island of Lesbos lies out to sea to the south and the harbour of Assos can be seen with its sparkling turqoise waters below.

Visitors to the ancient site will see a large statue dedicated to Plato, student of Aristotle who spent more than three years of his life here in Assos. The temple of Athena and the Acropolis of Assos are 238 metres above sea level.

As you walk up the steep path to the historical site you will find many village stalls selling trinkets, clothing and general souvenir items. In addition to the main site there is an impressive mosque built by Ottoman Sultan Murat in the 14th century that is also worth a visit.

The ancient ruins are still in the process of being restored. They date back to the 7th century B.C. and the original foundations were laid by Aeolian citizens from Lesbos.

This important historical site is a must for any visitor to this region and the charming and idyllic town below is a great place to relax and unwind.

Just two kilometres down the road from Assos there is place called KadirgaCove, surrounded by old olive trees and a beautiful beach and sparkling clean sea. The beach is nice and wide and has been awarded Blue Flag status.

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Alexandria Troas

Alexandria Troas ( Alexandria of the Troad ) or Eski Stambul

Alexandria Troas is about 13km from Tavakli in Dalyan Village. This is the site of an ancient Greek city, situated on the Aegean Sea. It was founded in 306 BC by Antigoneia Monophthalmus, a commander serving under Alexander the Great. Although the original name was Antigonia it was re-named Alexandria Troas by Lysimachus.

Alexandria Troas is in the Ezine district in the province of Canakkale. It is very close to Troy, the town that was believed by many to have been the mother-city of Rome.

In its prime, granite columns were sent to Rome and other cities of the Roman Empire and this was one of the largest Greek cities ever to be established in Anatolia. It was one of the main ports of the region and at the height of its glory it may have had a population as high as 100,000.

Constantine had even considered making Troas the capital of the Roman Empire before deciding on Byzantium, later re-named Constantinople, modern day Turkey’s Istanbul.

During Roman times this port was visited by Paul of Tarsus and Ignatius of Antioch. Over years the importance of the city declined. Sometime during the Byzantine period the city was either destroyed or abandoned.

The Ottoman period saw Karasi Turkmens settling in the region during the 14th century. The ruins were known to locals as Eski Stambul ( Old City ) and much of the stones were re-used for building works elsewhere. It is well known that Mehmed IV took columns from this site for his Yeni Valide Mosque in Istanbul. During the 18th century the site became a hideout for bandits.

In more modern times the site became overgrown and covered in trees and grassland. Much of the stone has been removed. Some parts have been found in better order than others and the bath and gymnasium complex is known locally as the Bal Saray ( Honey Palace ). Excavations are taking place at the site.

Visitors can see the remains of several large structures such as the palace, temple, theatre and baths and more recently a stadium which has been uncovered. The site extends over an area of some 400 hectares ( 1,000 acres ). 

Open: 08:00 to 17:00 all year round